7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 8 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 9 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people: 11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away. (Hebrews 8:7–13)
We have been looking at the New Covenant described here in Hebrews 8. The author lists four provisions
Hebrews 8:10a For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord;
I will put my laws into their mind,
and write them in their hearts:
In the first provision of the New Covenant, God gives us a heart, an inner inclination, to obey him. In the Old Covenant, this was not the case. The commands were given, but by and large God gave no power to obey them.
The lesson was clear: we cannot obey God with sheer willpower; we need his Spirit to empower us.
and I will be to them a God,
and they shall be to me a people:
In the second provision we find that as believers we belong to God—we have a firm relationship with God—and so we are also responsible to avoid idolatry to maintain the purity of our identification with God.
When we allow our desires to become demands and control our lives, they become idols. We become identified with that desire idol and not with God.
In verse 11, we found the third provision:
Hebrews 8:11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbor,
and every man his brother,
saying, Know the Lord:
for all shall know me,
from the least to the greatest.
We know the Lord, not just informationally, but we know him relationally. To know the Lord is to know the Lord personally.
The last provision of the New Covenant given here in Hebrews 8 is: